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In the second half of the 5th century, Emishi is described as "Maojin" in the history book of China, "Yojin-Ben-den, Wakoku-no-Ryo", and it is considered from the Yamato court to see It refers to the people who live (in the horse). In the middle of the 7th century, "Meohito" changed to "Emishi", and in the middle of the 7th century, Japan made a morning contribution to Tang in Emperor Qing 5 (659). It is from showing a person to Tenko ("Nippon Shoki"). Among them, it is stated that there are three kinds of chopsticks: Tsugaru, Arabisu, and Niguibisu. From then on, Emishi was a "people who did not obey the kingification, and did not know the farmer" who lived in the outskirts, and was considered to be the target for informing the emperor of the emperor.
The ruins (Oshu) are called "unit groups" and consist of about 7 large dwellings, and they are distributed to the leading emirates of the region from the shrine. The Great Sword Head has been excavated. This indicates that Emishi, who had grown to be a emirate, surpassed the patriarchal existence of the unit group.
It is thought that there is horse production with the east country and the accompanying exchange as the opportunity that the Emishi society creates a new political system in the 7th century. On the other hand, from the middle of the 7th century, the central government intends to build a castle fence and put the northern part of Tohoku under the ruled regime, and Emishi begins to be influenced by the ruled society. This is particularly noticeable after the construction of Tagajo, the Hoku-Kokufu in the early 8th century. Emishi brings a special product such as kelp to Mutsu Kokufu as a "tribute" (referred to as "Emishi tribute"). The black lacquered leather band, metal fittings for attaching ornaments such as gold, silver, copper, etc.), a sword hand (warabiteto), etc. are provided. In the Emishi society, possessing these things has become a symbol of their social status and status in the world.